| Northwest Territories
| House of Commons
In the last legislative report, it was noted
that the member for Regina Centre, Ned Shillington had been raising concerns
over the way the old Saskatchewan Government Insurance office had been sold.
These charges led to a point of privilege (see Speaker's Ruling elsewhere in
this issue). The "SGI issue" continued to dominate the session in
May. The Minister in Charge, Paul Rousseau, and the Premier, Grant Devine,
denied that there had been any wrongdoing. In order to clear the air, on June
27, 1984 the Premier announced that former Chief Justice E.M. Culliton had been
appointed to review the entire matter.
The third session adjourned for the summer
on June 1, 1984. In the sixty-four sitting days, the legislature had considered
104 public bills, passing 96 of them. The non controversial Bills Committee was
more active than it has been and passed 16 bills. This committee has an
opposition chairman and an opposition majority but the committee has no power
to amend or kill the bill. It is a procedure whereby members can review non
controversial bills in detail without taking the time of the Assembly.
One of the key issues of the spring session
was the plight of the Saskatchewan farmer. Due to freakish weather patterns,
the northern grain belt received above average rain fall with the result that
many of farmers could not finish spring seeding. On the other hand, the
southern grain belt experienced serious drought conditions. The government
reacted by offering financial assistance to farmers in the northern grain belt
and to ranchers in the south. The government also introduced a program to
provide financial counselling and loan assistance to farmers caught in the cost
price squeeze of rising input costs and declining prices for their produc4s.
The opposition argued that these steps did not go far enough but that the
farmers should have the protection of a moratorium on foreclosures.
Other legislation during the session created
a new Water Crown Corporation, providing a means for Saskatchewan people to
invest in Saskatchewan Crown Corporations and Saskatchewan business. New
amendments to the Coroners 'Act now permit the removal of the cornea during an
autopsy in certain circumstances for corneal transplants. Saskatchewan has had
a voluntary cornea[ transplant program for several years.
On May 7, 1984, the member for Thunder
Creek, Colin Thatcher was arrested and charged with first degree murder of his
former wife. The case has been set for trial but no trial date was set at the
time this report was written.
Saskatchewan marked Canada Day on July I
with the opening of the Lieutenant Governor's new offices in Government House.
In 1945, the Lieutenant Governor was moved out of Government House and had
offices in the Hotel Saskatchewan. Over the last five years Government House
has been completely refurbished and opened to the public as a museum. In 1983,
the Government decided to refurbish part of the House as office space for the
Lieutenant Governor, the Honourable EW. Johnson.
Gordon Barnhart, Clerk, Saskatchewan Legislative Assembly
The sittings of the Assembly during May and
June were typified by the expeditious handling of House business and an absence
of contentious legislation. Other than the consideration of departmental
spending estimates, members dwelt on the matter of a government proposal to
limit bell-ringing on divisions to 15 minutes. The Opposition maintained that
there should be no time limit on motions to amend the province's constitution.
After several proposals and counterproposals, the original government motion
was agreed to on June 1, 1984.
During debate on the government motion to
concur in the Report of the Standing Committee on the Rules of the House
regarding bell-ringing, a point of order was raised by an opposition member who
questioned the admissibility of the motion on the grounds that the Committee of
the Whole, to which the Report had been referred, had not completed
consideration of the Report. When the Speaker, Hon. James Walding, said he would
take the matter under advisement, the Government House Leader, Andy Anstett,
appealed the ruling, arguing that a motion, once proposed to the House, could
not be withdrawn unilaterally by the Speaker. The subsequent recorded vote
overturned the ruling 30 to 18.
Opposition House Leader, Harry Enns, then
rose on a Matter of Privilege and moved "that this House condemn the
action of the Government House Leader in taking away the protection of the
Opposition provided by the Speaker of this House." The Speaker ruled that
the proper use of the Rules by the Government House Leader, could not be
construed to form the basis of a matter of privilege.
The only bill that evoked significant debate
was An Act to amend the Labour Relations Act and Various Other Acts of the
Legislature. The bill was drafted after a government review of the province's
labour law. Chiefly, it proposed greater independence and increased
responsibility for the Labour Board. To the objection of the government, the
opposition charged that the bill would give unions an unfair advantage over
businesses, especially in the area of the ability of unions to organize and
Among other legislation was a bill to
establish a crown corporation which would sell shares in government assets to
the public, thereby raising $150 million for the government.
The signing of two Letters of Intent was
also announced by the government. On May 24, Wilson Parasiuk, the Minister of
Energy and Mines, announced an agreement with Canamax Resources Inc. to undertake
joint and separate feasibility studies into a potash mining and milling
operation in Manitoba. On June 1, the Minister announced a Letter of Intent
with the Western Area Power Administration of Golden, Colorado for the sale of
1200 megawatts of hydroelectricity per year for 35 years, beginning in 1993.
The opposition stated it looked forward to studying the forthcoming details of
On June 29 the House adjourned until a time
to be fixed by the government.
Gordon Mackintosh, Deputy Clerk, Manitoba Legislative Assembly
The second session of the twentieth
legislature, began its summer recess on May 31,1984. A total of 50 Bills
received Royal Assent from his Honour Lieutenant Governor Frank Lynch-Staunton.
As expected, a new Child Welfare Act was
reintroduced and passed. The Act was first introduced in draft form in the fall
of 1983 and incorporates suggestions submitted to the Department of Social
Services and Community Health over the winter The Act attempts to provide
clearer definitions of the role of the government in the delivery of services.
It also provides for more consultation with chiefs and councils in respect of
native children. The government intends to postpone proclamation of the Act
until after the public has had an opportunity to respond to it in its final form.
The Provincial Treasurer announced changes
to public pension policy which affect the public service as well as all those
plans which the government administers and/or guarantees, including those in
place for employees of local authorities, universities and special forces. The
Pension Statutes Amendment Act, 1984 clarifies the role and authority of
pension boards and initiates several administrative changes. It also addresses
the shortfall of revenue in these pension funds by phased increases to the contributions
which employees make to pension funds.
A discussion paper was released on the
private pension plan system, in the hope of making some improvements in that
area as well. The Minister of Social Services and Community Health, Nell
Webber, also announced a major increase in funding and expansion for the Home
Care Program, which provides at-home health services for the elderly and the
The Alberta Heritage Savings Trust Fund
Amendment Act, 1984 makes several changes to the administration of the fund,
including the transference of the income from the fund to General Revenue, in
order to help offset the province's budgetary deficit.
The Committee on Tolerance and
Understanding, chaired by Ron Ghitter, released an interim report in early May,
summarizing the activities of the committee and declaring its intention to
release four papers in the coming year The four papers will deal with private
education, aboriginal education, professionalism and curricula and
The first of these papers, dealing with
private education, was released a few days later. The report reveals several
examples of what it considers to be intolerant attitudes being fostered in some
of the province's private schools, many of which are being operated without the
approval of the government. The draft recommendations stress the need for the
private schools to come under closer government scrutiny and regulation, and
state that many of these schools should be closed.
The second paper, on native education in
Alberta, was released on June 20. It provides an overview of native education
in Alberta and includes several draft recommendations. The conclusion reached
by the committee is that "the general state of native education in Alberta
is deplorable" and that there are "responsibilities that are not
being met and require immediate attention."
The Minister of Education, David King,
released a discussion paper dealing with teacher education. The report,
prepared by the deans of the Faculties of Education in the province, stresses
the need for higher standards in teacher training and points to the need for
ongoing evaluation of teacher performance.
A few weeks earlier, the minister announced
that a major review of the School Act was being undertaken in an effort to
improve the quality of education in the province. These reports, as well as the
return of comprehensive examinations for high school students last year, are
part of this process.
The controversial Mount Allan Master Plan
was released by the Minister of Tourism and Small Business, AI
"Boomer" Adair. The government has been criticized by the opposition
and outside groups concerned that the site for the 1988 Calgary Winter Olympics
at Mount Allan might not have adequate snow or sufficiently challenging hills
for Olympic competition. The plan outlines three objectives for the site: a
suitable venue for the Olympic games, a training area for competitive skiers
and a recreational ski area, especially since Mount Allan is in Kananaskis
Country Park. The plan places a heavy emphasis on the use of artificial snow
both for the Olympics and beyond.
The Minister Responsible for Native Affairs,
Milt Pahl, announced that as a result of a review of government policy
regarding Indian land claims settlements, the Alberta government would be
prepared to include all subsurface mineral rights in future settlements made
with the federal government and Alberta Indian bands.
The Heritage Fund Mortgage Interest
Reduction Program, which was due to end in August, will be extended although on
a smaller scale. In order to be eligible for continued interest relief,
individuals or families must spend at least 35% of the household income on the
mortage. The program, which was initiated in 1982 to protect Albertans from
high interest rates above 12 5%, has cost the Alberta government much less than
was originally anticipated.
The opposition's criticism of the government
on the collapse of Dial Mortgage Ltd. and Abacus Cities Ltd. continued with
calls for a review of the Securities Commission and administration of justice
in the province. Both cases are now before the courts.
The dispute over long-distance toll
revenue-sharing between Edmonton Telephones and Alberta Government Telephones
continues, with little hope for resolution in sight. The City of Edmonton is
continuing to scramble billing information while AGT is still intercepting
outgoing long-distance calls.
The government threw its support behind the
newly announced Bank of Alberta by investing in five per cent of its shares. A
committee to look into regulation in the trucking industry was struck, with its
report due in the fall.
Tim Daus, Legislative Intern, Alberta Legislative Assembly
Senate committees were quite active during
the period under review. On May 10, Senator Gil Molgat presented the First
Report of the Standing Rules and Orders Committee. The report addressed the
problem faced by many committees regarding the appearance of witnesses who are
available on short notice and would like to make a formal submission to a
committee although the committee does not have a specific order of reference
before it. The Rules Committee expressed the view that it was in the interests
of both the Senate and the citizenry that there be as few limitations on access
to committees as possible. it recommended that for the duration of the session
any select committee could, on its own initiative, send for a person who is
visiting the National Capital Region and hear and consider evidence on matters
pertaining to the committee. The report was not adopted before the Senate rose
for its summer adjournment.
The Social Affairs, Science and Technology
Committee was given two important orders of reference. On May 30, it was
authorized to review all aspects of, and make recommendations on, an overall
Canadian health care policy. On June 6, it was empowered to examine the impact
of technological change on the fabric of Canadian society. According to its
chairman, Senator Lorne Bonnell, it was not the intention of the committee to
proceed with either study until the fall. Notice of a further order of
reference was given by Senator Bonnell on June 6 dealing with the issues of
women and work but it was not proceeded with.
On June 20, the Senate approved a motion of
Senator Charlie Watt to establish a special committee on Aboriginal Issues.
Although the committee did not have time to have an organizational meeting, it
was fell that some areas into which it could inquire would include the need for
new forums on aboriginal problems, economic infrastructure questions and the
nationalization of government policies. With dissolution, however, the
committee ceased to exist. It is the intention of Senator Watt to move that the
committee be re-established in the new Parliament.
Senator Earl Hastings, Chairman of the Energy
and Natural Resources Committee, tabled on June 20 the Committee's review of
the recommendations contained in last session's report Marching to the Beat of
the Same Drum: Transportation of Petroleum and Natural Gas North of 60'. The
committee expressed satisfaction that the report provided the momentum for such
federal government programs as the Northern Regulatory Review, the revised
Northern Oil and Gas Action Program and the Northern Land Use Planning Program.
Of the 21 recommendations made, 17 were accepted by the government and are
currently in the process of being put in place. Senator Hastings believed that
the Committee 'Should continue to scrutinize government programs in the future
to ensure that development proceeds in a manner that could be of greatest
benefit to the people of Canada and, more importantly, to the people of the
On June 26, Senator Leopold Langlois tabled
the Interim Report of the Transportation and Communications Committee on Rail
Passenger Services in Canada entitled: Are We On the Right Track?. After
holding many public hearings and conducting extensive studies of Amtrak
facilities in the United States, the Committee made 26 recommendations covering
a number of issues, such as the necessity of VIA Rail legislation, operating
contracts and costing procedures, subsidies for passenger rail service,
marketing functions and VIA Amtrak services. The Committee again expressed its
disapproval of the fact that routes were discontinued by Order-in-Council
instead of through public hearings before the CTC. It requested that the
government reconsider its decision to reduce passenger service and urged that
the "Atlantic" train route from Montreal to Halifax via southern New
Brunswick be restored.
On July 16, with the permission of the
Senate's Inter-sessional authority, Senator Herb Sparrow released the report of
the Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry Committee on the subject-matter of soil
and water conservation throughout Canada, entitled Soil at Risk: Canada's
Eroding Future. The Committee concluded that Canada is facing the most serious
agricultural crisis in its history and that unless urgent action is taken, the
country will lose a major portion of its farming capability through soil
degradation. The report recommended that a comprehensive federal soil and water
conservation policy be developed and adopted immediately.. Such a policy must
clearly state the Government's intention to make soil conservation a priority
in the development of all its policies and require all departments to
co-ordinate their efforts to make the most efficient use of resources. The
Committee also made a number of recommendations regarding conservation
research, technological training, and programs to increase awareness and to
sustain a national conservation effort.
Thirty-six bills were given Royal Assent
during the period under review, the vast majority being passed in the last two
weeks before the summer recess. Two important Senate bills were enacted: S-11,
An Act to implement conventions between Canada and a number of countries with
respect to the avoidance of double taxation, and S-14, An Act to implement a
convention between Canada and the United States with respect to taxes on income
and on capital. An important Senate bill which was not passed and which died in
the Banking, Trade and Commerce Committee upon dissolution was Bill S-12, An
Act amending the Shipping Conferences Exemption Act, 1979. One of the Bills
sent to the Senate by the House of Commons but which did not pass was Bill
C-47, An Act to amend the Indian Act. This controversial Bill, which proposed
to eliminate provisions relating to entitlement to registration under the
Indian Act that discriminate on the basis of sex, was passed by the Commons on
June 29 and was sent to the Senate only a few hours before the final Royal
Assent ceremony took place. A number of Senators refused to grant the necessary
unanimous consent to proceed with the second reading of the Bill that day. As a
result the Bill died on the Order Paper when Parliament was dissolved on July
Gary O'Brien, Director of Committees and Private legislation
House of Commons
The second and last session of the 32nd
Parliament came to an end on June 29, 1984. Nine day later Prime Minister John
Turner asked the Governor General, Jeanne Sauvdé to dissolve Parliament for the
purpose of a general election which was held on September 4.
During the final few weeks of the session
the House passed more than thirty pieces of legislation, all but one of them
was adopted by the Senate and received Royal Assent.
Among the bills passed was the controversial
legislation establishing the Canadian Security Intelligence Service. The
Solicitor General had introduced the bill last January and after considerable
debate the House had adopted second reading in the latter days of March. After
extensive study by the Standing Committee on Justice and Legal Affairs Bill C-9
was reported back to the House on June 6. While the Solicitor General
steadfastly maintained that the bill was as good as it could be, the New
Democratic Party led the opposition to the bill claiming the powers given to
the security agency were too broad and the restrictions too vague. An attempt
to filibuster the bill in committee was renewed in the House during report
stage where over 170 motions in amendment were filed. Debate extended over a
week and only concluded after the government made a time allocation order to
restrict additional debate. In a final protest, the House spent hours going
through more than eighty recorded divisions on the proposed motions in
amendment. The bill finally received third reading June 21.
Three bills adopted by the House concerned
the interests of native peoples. The first, Bill C-46, provided local
self-government for two bands, the Cree and the Naskapi of Quebec. The Minister
of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, the Opposition Indian Affairs
critic, and a spokesman for the NDP all applauded the bill which represented
the culmination of much effort and negotiation.
The second bill dealt with the land
settlement claims of the Western Arctic Inuvialuit. The Parliamentary Secretary
to the Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development described the
proposal as the first comprehensive settlement of this kind concluded with a
native group from Canada's North. While spokesmen for opposition parties
questioned certain aspects of the settlement and the approach being taken by
the government, neither really wanted to delay passage.
More contentious, however, was a third bill
relating to the status of Indian women who marry non Indians. Several members
raised objections about the lack of reinstatement provisions for those women
who had already lost their Indian status; about the limited time given to the
study of the bill and the apparent paternalism of the government's approach to
the problem. As it turned out, the Senate did not pass the bill prior to the
summer adjournment and the changes were not, therefore, incorporated in the
John Turner Succeeds Pierre Elliott Trudeau
On June 16 John Turner won the leadership convention
of the Liberal party of Canada called to find a replacement for Pierre Elliott
Trudeau who announced his resignation last February. Mr. Turner took the
leadership on the second ballot defeating Jean Chrétien, the Minister of Energy
Mines and Resources and Don Johnston, Minister of Economic Development. Four
other cabinet ministers also contested the leadership but withdrew after the
first ballot. Mr. Turner was sworn in as Prime Minister on June 30.
Conservatives Win Election
In announcing his decision to call an
immediate election Mr. Turner said Canada needed "a renewal of confidence
and certainty". In early July the Gallup Poll showed the Liberals with
support of 49% of decided voters, their highest showing since 1980. The poll
showed 38% supporting the Conservative party and 11% for the New Democratic
As the campaign progressed the polls
revealed a steady decline in support for the Liberals in favour of Brian
Mulroney and the Progressive Conservative party. On election day the Conservatives
took 50% of the popular vote and 211 of the 282 seats in the House of Commons.
The Liberal Party, in its worst defeat since Confederation, took only 40 seats.
The NDP saw its number of seats and popular vote decline slightly compared to
1980 but found cause for celebration in its ability to survive the Tory
landslide and actually increased its representation in Ontario.
Many reasons have been cited for the huge
Conservative victory The Liberals misinterpreted the June Gallup poll as
indicating significant support for the party; political appointments made by
Mr. Turner at the request of Mr. Trudeau became a campaign issue for a while;
the Liberal Party apparatus in many ridings was ill-prepared to fight a general
election and finally Mr. Mulroney was generally acknowledged to have
"won" the televised debates. This had a "bandwagon" effect
for the Conservatives.
By the end of August virtually all
independent polls predicted a Conservative majority although the size of the
victory surprised many. Fifteen of twenty-five cabinet ministers were defeated.
In Quebec, where the Liberals had held 74 of 75 seats, Mr. Mulroney took 58
this time. The Conservatives picked up support in every other region of the
country en route to their massive majority.
The turnover rate among federal
parliamentarians is generally high but this election was unusual even by
Canadian standards. Approximately one half of the members of the 33rd
Parliament will be sitting in the House for the first time. Only 137of the
persons elected (84 Conservatives, 30 Liberals and 23 NDP) held seats when
Parliament was dissolved. One independent member was elected. Tony Roman in
York North. He defeated John Gamble, of the few Conservative incumbents to lose
his seat in the election.
All party leaders won their seats, Mr.
Mulroney in Manicouagan, Mr. Broadbent in Oshawa and Mr. Turner in Vancouver
0ne of the most startling developments of
the fourth session was Premier William Davis' announcement on June 12 regarding
public support for separate schools. Since before Confederation, Ontario has
been beset by social and political conflicts related to the division of public
(nondenominational) and separate (Roman Catholic) schools. For decades, Roman
Catholic school supporters have pressed for tax support for secondary school
programs. As recently as the 1971 provincial election, Premier Davis 'first as
party leader, the government's refusal to extend such support was a major
Now, after a careful and fresh review of the
issue, Premier Davis declared, "I now believe this (granting of public
funds) can be responsibly undertaken..." This action should seek, he said,
"to build fellowship and common values, not segregation and mutual
suspicion." Nor should it "cripple or limit the viability of our
nondenominational public secondary school system, which is accessible to all
and universally supported." The new funding program, costing $40 million
in the first year, will be introduced gradually at the rate of one year of
secondary education for each school year beginning September 1, 1985.
At the same time, the Premier established
three education commissions: a planning and implementation commission to
oversee the funding reform; a commission of inquiry to examine the role and
status of independent schools; and a commission to study financing of
elementary and secondary education.
Opposition reaction to the Premier's
announcement was immediate and supportive. David Peterson, Official Opposition
leader, said, "On behalf of my party, I am proud today to identify myself
and my colleagues with the statement of the Premier on this major advance in
position. I am not one of those who is going to ask why. I am only going to say
"hurrah." NDP leader Bob Rae agreed: "... the Premier has made a
very important contribution to a sense of fairness in this province... We
congratulate him for it... Equality has made an important advance in Ontario
The first budget of the Treasurer, Larry
Grossman, was presented to the House on May 15, 1984. The document hailed
Ontario's recovery from recession, but warned that, "We cannot return to
"business as usual. We are in the midst of profound economic
change..." This change, Mr. Grossman said, required 'strategic long term
investments rather than "stopgap measures."
The budget forecast 4.7% real growth in the
gross provincial product, compared to an estimate of only 1.9% in the previous
year's budget. Average annual employment was expected to increase by 125,000
jobs with a somewhat reduced unemployment rate averaging 9.1% (versus over 11%
in the previous budget). The Treasurer predicted provincial spending would
increase 7.4% to $26.8 billion, while revenues would grow 9.6% to $24.76
billion. Consequently, the projected deficit of just over $2 billion would
represent a reduction from last year's record high of $2,7 billion.
A primary focus of the budget was the
expenditure of $600 million over three years in support for youth employment
and measures to retrain and upgrade the skills of experienced workers. The list
of youth employment programs was lengthy: a $450 million, three year Ontario
Youth Opportunities Fund; Ontario Youth Trust; Ontario Youth Corps; a
residential centres program for disadvantaged youth; Ontario Youth Start; Ontario
Youth Tourism; Ontario Youth Work Opportunities subsidy program; venture
capital interest free loans; increase from 33 to 100 of youth employment
counselling centres; a part-time employment wage subsidy program; $5 million in
added funding for Ontario Career Action Program; and appointment of a Youth
To help small and medium-sized businesses
adapt to technological innovations, the Treasurer announced programs to assist
in the rental or purchase of robots and other high tech equipment. Educational
grants from a new Technology Diffusion Training Program will help foster the
skills of managers, engineers and technicians in this area.
Further aid to business came in the form of
a $30 million, three year Automotive Parts Investment Fund, a $10 million
Enterprise Growth Fund, and, for new small business, exemption from corporate
income tax for three years after incorporation. The Small Business Development
Corporations program is to receive $25 million this fiscal year, with $7.5
million of this specifically earmarked for northern and eastern Ontario and $5
million for start-up enterprises.
In the area of social policy, Mr. Grossman
outlined a range of measures, including tax assessment exemptions and expanded
attendant care, to help elderly and disabled people to live independently in
their own communities. Recognizing the importance of child care to working
parents, the Treasurer pledged $4.8 million for 1,500 more fulltime subsidized
day-care spaces and $1.2 million in additional subsidies for single parents on
social assistance. The 1ntolerable problem" of family violence, first
raised in the 1982 report of the Standing Committee on Social Development, was
to receive further redress through a public education campaign and $3.5 million
for expanded shelter services for battered women and their children.
While pre-budget speculation had indicated
tax increases were highly likely, the only immediate charge to taxpayers was a
4.9% increase in Ontario Health Insurance Plan premiums. Water power rental
rates for Ontario Hydro were also raised, and adjustments were made to the
treatment of bank reserves.
In responding to the budget, the Treasury
critic of the Official Opposition, Patrick Reid, said it was "based on
extremely faulty assumptions and a great deal of quicksand", particularly
in its optimistic prediction of 4.7% real growth. He criticized the Treasurer
for no longer providing comparative economic data and for showing spending over
3 to 5 years rather than for the current year. In the proposals to deal with
youth unemployment, Mr. Reid saw "a plethora of program names but very
little else" and a lack of basic information on funding, eligibility
criteria and timing.
Mr. Reid attacked the $2 billion deficit and
outlined ways to cut government waste. These included: reducing the 29member
Cabinet by 4 or 5 ministers; eliminating most parliamentary assistants;
clipping the wings of the provincial albatross, Suncor; disposing of land
banks; and lowering spending on advertising and outside consultants.
The Liberal party critic then went on to
propose "about $200 million in additional stimulation" to promote
employment or equity for the tourism industry, small business, Northern
Ontarians, women and farmers. In other areas, he censured the Treasurer for
reducing the Environment Ministry budget for the second consecutive year;
advocated creation of a standing committee on health and health care costs; and
called for annual federal provincial meetings of finance ministers. Before
placing his non confidence motion, Mr. Reid concluded with a prediction that
Ontario's deficit would in fact reach $2.5 to $2.7 billion in this fiscal year.
Jim Foulds, New Democratic Party Treasury
critic, claimed the budget was a political document aimed at an imminent
election. It was, he said, "all glitz and no substance",
"clever, misleading and manipulative", "creative accounting
carried to spectacular heights."
Mr. Foulds focused his reply to the budget
on three areas: unemployment; tax reform; and measures to rebuild Ontario's
economy. He said that the measures to deal with youth unemployment were last
year's programs with jazzier names but few details. He called for retraining
and early retirement options for older workers and repeated NDP job security
proposals. These included: a layoff fund; a work futures training fund; a
shorter work week; limits on overtime and better overtime pay; a finish high
school program; support for private sector training efforts; and a program to
combat illiteracy among Ontarians.
Decrying the Treasurer's claim that he
avoided tax increases, Mr Foulds pointed to the increase in OHIP premiums
("that most regressive form of tax") and said the budget will
substantially increase property taxes. Furthermore, he declared, "the
province will collect nearly twice as much in personal income tax as it did in
1980-81 at the same time that corporate income revenue has gone down."
Inequities in Ontario's tax system, Mr.
Foulds said, mean that, "At a family income level of $15,000 a year,
Ontario ranks first in the country in provincial taxes levied. At ... $25,000,
Ontario barely slips to second place... On the other hand, at a family income
level of $100,000 a year, Ontario is the third lowest taxing province."
The NDP critic went on to call for elimination of unfair taxes and better
protection for low and middle income earners. Specific tax measures were: an
unemployment insurance tax credit; a surtax on taxpayers earning over $40,000;
a 10% bank tax on net income of financial institutions, except credit unions;
recovery of $3 billion of deferred corporate taxes on a staged basis; and a 1%
payroll tax to fund an early retirement program.
Finally, Mr. Foulds urged "creative use
of public investment" to reduce imports, especially through a crown
automotive parts investment program, Autocan, and a resource machinery
Members of the Legislature continued to
express their views on international human rights issues, particularly with
respect to the Soviet Union and Poland. During the Throne Speech debate,
Opposition House Leader Robert Nixon spoke eloquently of his visit to the
Soviet Union with the ad hoc Ontario Legislature Committee on Soviet Jewry. The
aim of the trip was to hear concerns of the refuseniks, those Soviet citizens who
have applied for emigration visas and been refused.
Later in the session, the Legislature
adopted resolutions from, NDP Leader Mr Rae, Conservative backbencher Yuri
Shymko, and Government House Leader Tom Wells. Mr Rae's motion dealt with
Soviet treatment of Andrei Sakharov, his family and other dissidents; Mr
Shymko's with three hunger strikers seeking exit visas for their families from
the Polish government; and Mr Well' with Soviet imprisonment of Doctors Yuri
Orlov and Anatoly Shcharansky
While individual members from time to time
bring forward concerns over human rights violations in other jurisdictions, the
legislature has not yet established a formal mechanism to follow up on these
concerns. Such a mechanism was recommended in a 1983 Special Report of the
Select Committee on the Ombudsman, pursuant to a 1980 resolution of the
Legislature. Under the present "ad hoc"' arrangements, little or no
mention is made of grave human rights abuses and torture in many countries
close to Canada, such as in Central or South America.
Privacy and Information Access Bill
On May 24, the government introduced its
long-awaited freedom of information legislation, now entitled the Privacy and
Access to Information Act, 1984. The bill establishes the position of Privacy
and Information Commissioner to review Government decisions on release or
holding of information. The Commissioner may, upon application by an
individual, inspect Government held documents, subject to specified exemptions,
and make recommendations thereon. Exemptions include: cabinet documents as
certified by the Clerk of the Executive Council; law enforcement records
certified by the Attorney General. any records made before I July 1984. The
Commissioner must report to the Legislature four times a year outlining cases
of recommendations denied. The Act itself is to be reviewed, according to the
legislation, by a Select Committee of the Legislature during the first three
The minister responsible, Norm Sterling,
Provincial Secretary for Resources Development, declared that, 11 as final
decisions will rest with the minister and the Legislative Assembly, the bill
reaffirms the principle of ministerial accountability" On the same point,
Liberal James Breithaupt attacked the legislation for "placing an extra padlock
on government secrets" and for allowing no redress through judicial
In other developments, the grounds of the
Legislature have been embellished with the installation of an illuminated
band-shell and 84 permanent flagpoles bearing the Ontario and bicentennial
flags. Some people compare the effect to that of Tivoli Gardens.
Douglas Arnott, Assistant Clerk, Ontario Legislative Assembly
Consideration of a government sessional
paper and a bill on official languages in the Northwest Territories were the main
items of business before the 24 members of the Legislative Assembly during
their six-day session in Fort Smith May 9-16.
The Spring session is traditionally short,
rarely exceeding two weeks and when the Assembly goes on the road, focus shifts
from business as usual to meeting the people.
That is the whole purpose of 'field
sessions; explained Speaker Don Stewart, MLA Hay River, as Assembly staff
packed up and shipped out hundreds of pounds of furniture, books, files and
office supplies to the community of 3000 people on the west bank of the Slave
River, not far from the Alberta-NWT border, about 200 miles south of
"Taking the government to the people in
this far-flung territory is difficult and costly, but still judged worthwhile
by members of the Assembly," he said.
Dennis Patterson, speaking on the last day
of the Fort Smith session, told his colleagues he and other Baffin MLAs would
be inviting the Assembly to hold a session in the Baffin Region sometime over
the next four years. "What price in this vast territory can you put on
accessible government?" asked Mr. Patterson. "We have to consider the
cost but that cannot be the only gauge."
The issue of official bilingualism in the
Northwest Territories arose as a result of a traffic ticket case in the Yukon
Territory A Yukon man, Daniel St. Jean, challenged a speeding ticket on the
grounds that the ticket was printed in English only Having been convicted in
the Territorial Court, Mr St. Jean appealed to the Supreme Court of the Yukon.
The federal government then introduced Bill
C-26 which contained amendments to the Northwest Territories Act and the Yukon
Act making English and French the official languages of both territories.
The proposed amendments to the Northwest
Territories Act would require all ordinances, regulations or other
proclamations to be printed and published in both official languages by January
The government of the Northwest Territories
indicated that it is prepared to provide French language services but that
rather than having it imposed from Ottawa, it would develop its own
Government leader, Richard Nerysoo tabled a
sessional paper which stressed that in any discussions concerning funding
required by the Territories to implement bilingualism, there would have to be a
recognition of the North's requirements in the area of funding the development
of aboriginal languages.
Following discuss paper, Mr. Nerysoo
introduced Bill 9-84(2) – An Ordinance to Recognize and Provide for the use of
the Aboriginal Languages and Establish the Official Languages of the Northwest
Territories. Besides establishing English and French as official languages of
the NWT, the Bill would recognize Chipewyan, Cree, Dogrib, Loucheux, North
Slavey, South Slavey and Inuktitut as the official aboriginal languages of the
The bill received first reading, but many
members expressed concern about proceeding any further before first consulting
their constituents. The Assembly agreed to adjourn the second session, and
reconvene again in June for further consideration of the bill.
The final days of the second session were
postponed from June 20 to the following week while government leader Richard
Nerysoo negotiated with the Secretary of State to support and finance
provisions of the language bill which would grant official status to English
and French, and recognize aboriginal languages in the NWT.
The package which Mr. Nerysoo put before
members of the Legislative Assembly included $16 million for development and
enhancement of aboriginal languages.
Some native members responded with
disappointment to the deal Mr. Nerysoo had worked out with the federal
government. They wanted to see official status for aboriginal languages, on a
par with French and English, and spoke out strongly against the Assembly
settling for anything else.
Other members congratulated Mr. Nerysoo for
negotiating the best possible deal, given that the federal government was not
prepared to go any further towards official status for aboriginal languages.
They noted that the money provided would go a long way toward developing and
supporting programs to increase the use o native languages, both at home and in
When every member had had a chance to speak,
and the vote was called, only John T'Selele, MLA for Sahtu, voted against
passing Bill 9. Commissioner John Parker assented to the bill and told members
he would be signing into law the first regulations flowing from the official
The session was then prorogued until early
Judy Wilson, Public Affairs Officer, Northwest Territories
The session resumed on May 1 following the
Easter recess. One of the first items on the agenda was the budget at the
National Assembly The total budget for the current year stands at $46.4
million, of which $24.8 million is earmarked for the members' service and $21.6
million for the Assembly's administration.
Events of May 8,1984
The National Assembly did not sit on May 8,
1984, because of a tragedy in which three staff members were killed. (See the
inter view with the Sergeant-at-Arms, elsewhere in this issue). On May 9, the
Assembly met briefly to extend its deepest sympathy to the families of the
victims. The members rose in an ovation to the Sergeant-at-Arms, Mr René
Jalbert, then adjourned to the following Tuesday for six days of mourning.
A week after the tragic events, the National
Assembly resumed work. The security of Assembly members and staff was still a
major concern, and a number of measures to control access to the Legislative
Building were announced by Speaker Richard Guay. The Assembly defeated a motion
by the Opposition to set up a special committee on the security system,
preferring to wait for the conclusions of various security studies being
carried out by the Quebec provincial police and other authorities consulted by
Speaker Guay requested that the Minister of
Justice provide him with recommendations concerning the problem of security at
the House. He added: "The Government will be anxious to settle the space
problem at the National Assembly in the next few weeks, so that work can begin
on the exits to the buildings, one of the basic elements of the electronic
security system to be implemented. These measures will not make the Assembly
into a fortified camp, but will provide better protection for the employees who
work inside. The delicate balance between an open Parliament and the protection
of people will thus be maintained."
The Budget Speech
On Tuesday, May 22, Jacques Parizeau
introduced his eighth budget since taking office as Quebec's Minister of
Finance. This budget anticipated expenditures of $25.6 billion, revenues of
$22.5 billion, a deficit of $3.2 billion and loans of $2.1 billion for the
1984-1985 fiscal year.
The Government proposed spending $311
million on its economic recovery program, including $64 million in assistance
to the construction sector and $61 million for on the job training for welfare
recipients, An amount of $116 million would be added to public sector capital
spending, bringing total investments to 1.2 billion.
Mr. Parizeau described his budget as part of
an effort to strike a new balance between increasing public spending and
improving productivity, and stressed two guiding principles for expenditures:
strict management of public funds and top priority for economic recovery.
The Opposition reaction to the budget speech
was expressed by its financial critic, Daniel Johnson, The traditional debate
on the budget speech took up the greater part of the week's deliberations in
the National Assembly but, contrary to custom, the debate was interrupted
Wednesday after thirteen and one half hours of discussion. It was carried over
to the Administration and Budget Committee for a further ten hours, starting
from the afternoon of Tuesday, June 5. This was in conformity with section 267
of the Assembly's new rules of procedure.
On the morning of Friday, June 1, the
Assembly resumed its deliberations according to the timetable for the end of
the session. Another precedent was set during this session: a limited debate
(two hours) on the nine reports of the standing committees which had examined
the 1984-1985 estimates (section 280 of the rules of procedure).
Working within the framework of these new
rules, the Assembly adopted the 1984-1985 budget and, on June 6, approved the
budgetary policy put forward by Mr. Parizeau.
End of session
The fourth session of the thirty-second
legislature ended on June 20, 1984, after 110 days of deliberations since the
inaugural message on March 23, 1983.
During this session, the Assembly examined
155 bills, approving a total of 141. The Assembly's Committees convened on 374
occasions to study estimates and bills. There were 100 government bills
introduced, six members' bills and forty-nine private bills.
Several controversial bills were shelved
during the session including Bill 38 concerning government contributions to
municipal financing; Bill 40 concerning teaching in primary and secondary
public schools; and Bill 94, an amendment to Act 43 concerning employees who
receive tips. However, six bills dealing with agricultural and fisheries
matters were passed. At the end of the session, the Assembly approved
legislation making it mandatory for the cities of Montreal, Quebec City and
Laval to provide research and secretarial staff budgets for political parties
at the municipal level.
At a press conference held the day following
the prorogation, the Premier of Quebec, René Lévesque, noted that the fifth
session, slated to begin in October, could well be the last session of the
current legislature. He added that elections may be held in April 1985 if not
Yvon Thériault, Indexing and Bibliographic Service, Legislative
Library, Quebec National Assembly.