With this issue the review published by the Canadian
Region of the Commonwealth Parliamentary Association is modifying its name to Canadian
Parliamentary Review. The first issue, published in June 1978, contained a
message from the Secretary-General of CPA, Sir Robin Vanderfelt. He noted that
Canada has 13 legislatures and thousands of people serving them. "The
country is vast. It does not know itself. Still less do its parliamentarians
know each other .. this ignorance has to be overcome for the sake of Canada and
for the sake of the institution of parliament itself … this review will help.
In June 1980 the Review introduced a new format to rationalize the contents
into more clearly defined areas.
The adoption of a new title now does not
mean our objectives have changed; we still aim to inform Canadian
parliamentarians about developments in CPA and in federal and provincial
legislatures as well as to promote the study of and respect for parliamentary
institutions in Canada. The Canadian Parliamentary Review will be more
than a newsletter about Association activities. However it will not become a
journal devoted mainly to the analysis of public policy. There are already
numerous such publications. Our aim will be to focus not so much on policy as
on how parliamentarians deal with policy questions. What opportunities are open
to them; what constraints do they face? In this issue, a relatively new
question, parliamentary scrutiny of science policy is examined in two articles,
one by a former Member of Parliament, the other by a university professor.
Other problems legislators face are not new.
Indeed the more we examine parliamentary traditions in Canada and in various
provinces the more we are struck by similarities between the past and the
present insofar as the role of legislators is concerned. A prerequisite for
knowing where we are going is to understand where we have been. For this reason
the Review will publish from time to time studies which shed light on some
aspect of our parliamentary origins. The article on the career of a Quebec MP
at the turn of the century provides some interesting comparisons about life on
Parliament Hill then and now.
The REVIEW will give special attention to
articles dealing with ways of accommodating parliamentary practice to changing
circumstances. In its report section and through articles on procedure,
privilege. statutory instruments, conflict of interest and other important but
unpublicised issues the REVIEW will attempt to serve all members of the
parliamentary community who grapple with the many-sided issue of parliamentary
Representative institutions do not exist in
a vacuum and the Review will seek contributions from both inside and outside
legislative assemblies. The ongoing challenge will be to strike a proper
balance between federal and provincial material. between parliamentarians and
knowledgeable outsiders, and between French and English contributions. The
success of the Review will depend to a large extent on co-operation from all
those interested in parliamentary institutions. With your help it will succeed
in attaining its objectives.